Think South: How We Got Six Men and Forty Dogs Across Antarctica
Chapter 14: The Treaty
“I assure you the Soviet Union takes its role very seriously.” He paused and the eyebrows went up again. “I think you can expect that we will be changing our position from one in favor of the minerals convention to a new position in favor of no mining at all.” Mr. Shevardnadze spoke calmly and clearly. This was news.
“When?!” I blurted out from where I sat across the table. He looked at me as if to memorize my face, and I held my breath and blushed. I didn’t mean to put him on the spot. I didn’t mean to speak at all. But this was everything we’d hoped and more. It just came out.
Video: Jean-Louis reading a message from President George Bush (minute 7:00) at the expedition's finish.
Website: Secretariat of the Antarctic Treaty
Photo: Map of the national claims on Antarctica, should the treaty lapse
Article: Dangers to Antarctic waters from cruise and other ships prompts new regulations in 2014.
Article: Bush changes mind on Antarctic Treaty, LA Times, July 4, 1991
Document: Letter from President Bush to Senate urging ratification of Environmental Protocol
Article: "Russia's Long-game in Antarctica runs political risk," 2016 look by Global Risks Assessment at the changing politics in Antarctica and threats to the treaty's continuation.
Article: Synopsis of Yang Shangkun's life and involvement in the 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre, on the occasion of his death, from the Economist
Article: "My Friend Eduard Shevardnadze" by Howard Baker, Washington Post
Website: Biography of François Mitterrand.
Wikipedia: About prime minister Toshiki Kaifu.
Website: Information on the Yema watch designed by Jean-Louis Etienne and gifted to President Mitterrand.
Animation: Excellent animation explaining the Antarctica ocean ecosystem, from Pew Charitable Trusts